Across the world migrants face deadly borders, separation from their families and incarceration. However, the global discourse on refugees and migration usually ignores South Asia. This discussion seeks to correct that imbalance, even if only incrementally, by focusing on migration issues in South Asia, specifically the exclusionary policies against Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh and the drive to identify and deport so called illegal migrants across India using controversial citizenship laws that seems to target Muslims. These issues will be explored while examining the history of migration in South Asia, the contestations over citizenship, the challenges in reporting such a situation and the legal frameworks being used to render people stateless.